First Serbian uprising didn't brake out spontaneously or even unprepared. For it's beginning necessary preparations were made. Confirmation for this is the event in the monastery Voljavca in the summer of 1803. at the monastery celebration, when at the monastery attic, Duke Matija Jovcic from Topola was talking with Karađorđe and Gaja Pantelic not to start an uprising at that point. Karađorđe agreed with Dragutin Milutinovic that with Milos Kabadarac weapons should be supplied from Germany. After the events in Voljavca Karadjordje sent Gaja Pantelic to national leaders to start preparing people and to widen the network for uprising.
Less than five months after the meeting in Voljavča, preparations for the uprising had already been completed and it had to be to reach an agreement before winter. Orasac was defined as a place where it should happened, a meeting place was the house of Stevan Tomic at the day of St. Archangel Michael. Host Stevan was preparing a wedding for his son Maxim, so it was natural that for a dual cause to assemble a large number of people. When the wedding was far gone, quietly and unobtrusively, Archpriest Atanasije and everyone else made their way to a nearby gully.Prudent priest Atanasije maintenance lengthy speech, clearly realizing that the most important prerequsite for this joint venture was unity, and that the greatest danger was treason. The assemblage was completed with an oath and participants dispersed in the belief that the venturewas brought to an end. Based on this agreement, the conspirators gathered at the second gathering in Orašac in 1804. This time Duke Marko Savic was marrying his son Luka. As it was decided about the uprising in 1803., an officer and commander should be selected who would lead an uprising against the Turks. There were distinguished people at the gathering , which is indicated by the fact that five proposals for a commander were given.
Radovan Samardzic said: "Obviously, at a meeting in Orasac in 1804.Karadjordje wasn't randomly selected as a national leader in the rebellion. They knew, everyone, both his character and actions that he had already took. In fact, he bacame the leader at the beginning of preparations for the revolt. And his strategic idea of the rebellion was extension of his way to prepare people for the collective rebellion."
On 26th of April in the second attack Jagodina was burned and occupied, and near Lestane Vasa Čarapić managed to break the army of Kucuk Ali. Smederevo surrendered on 18th of July, and in august Milenko Stojkovic was able to catch and to behead runaway dahis on Ada Kale. The heads were sent to the Sultan in Stanbol.
took place on the religious holliday The Transfiguration of the Lord (19. august) in 1805. and was crucial for the further course of The Uprising. As the commander of the Turkish army was determined Hafiz Pasha, who headed the army from Nis to Belgrade along Morava River. Karađorđe appointed Milenko Stojkovic with Peter Dobrnjac and Stevan Sinđelić to wait for Turks in village Ivankovac east from Cuprija on the right side of Morava river. In a fierce clash with the loss of life on both sides, the Turks, when they saw the Karadjordje army on the other, left side of Morava river, withdrawed in Paracin. The rebels have set up their camp orward Paracin.During the night one called Steva the scribe asked Karadjordje to fire a cannon at Turks in the town. Served by good fortune, and he injured Hafiz Pasha himself who withdrew that night to Nis, where he died of wounds from a cannon.
is one of the brightest victories in the First Serbian Uprising. There was stopped the Bosnian Turks march led by Suleiman Pasha Skopljak. Misar is a barrow from which we can see a field near the Sava river and the town of Sabac. Karađorđe decided to build the big trench, which could fit about 7000 people. Several times a shrinking rebel army met Turkish troops, which had to come out of Sabac and storm up the hill. With outstanding tactics and skillfully selected position for battle, Karadjordje managed to defend himself, and entering light Serbian cavalry at the decisive moment in the battle, to turn things to their advantage. Janko Katic died before the actual battle. Karadjordje' s war chapter consisted of Matija and Jakov Nenadovic, priest Luka Lazarevic, Milan and Milos Obrenovic, Sima Markovic, Lazar Mutap, Stojan Cupic, Milos Stojicevic and others. It was 13th august 1806.
The Ottoman Sultan,Selim III sent a huge Turkish force to quell the uprising. The Serbian high command decided to meet the Turkish force under Ibrahim Bushati, pasha of Shkodër, at Deligrad.
The Serbian right wing numbered 5,000 men under the command of Mladen Milovanović at Bela Palanka. The center consisted of 15,000 troops which would be placed at the Kunovaci mountain. The left wing would be composed of 5,000 men under the command of Milenko Stojković with an additional 3,000 reserve troops to guard from any possible Turkish flank attack from Niš. Stanoje Glavaš would command the elite and cavalry troops whose job was to delve deep into enemy territory and harass them as much as possible.Tomo Milinović was a head of artillery and made significant effort by good positioning and frequent relocation of the cannons.
The Turkish Army consisted of 55,000 regular troops with additional auxiliary and Janissary support. The Serbian army withstood several enemy offensives. The Serbian rebels also attacked the Turkish positions numerous times and managed to capture 9 Turkish cannons. Meanwhile, the elite troops of Stanoje Glavaš effectively liberated Prokuplje thereby splitting the Turkish army in two. The Turkish wing under the command of Pazvanoglu was swiftly defeated by Mladen Milovanović and the Ottoman force was routed.
The battle provided a decisive victory for the Serbs and bolstered the morale of the outnumbered Serbian rebels. To avoid total defeat, Ibrahim Pasha negotiated a six week truce with Karadjordje.
After the fall of Belgrade in 1813..Deligrad was abandoned and the brave defenders dispersed houses. Deligrad had never been conquered militarily.
is a very important moment in the rebeled Serbia. The rebels held the city under siege for about 2 years. No matter where other battles were the siege battle was not abandoned and was always maintained. The camp was initially in Vracar and later on Tasmajdan and Karađorđe always came back to the walls of Belgrade after some battles. With this siege it was impeded for Turks to come from behind the rebels, and they were also unable to come to the liberated areas and of course the dahis were desabled to escape. Final take over of Belgrade began at Sava gate and major role had Konda bimbasa and Uzun Mirko Apostolović. The fiercest battles were at Stamboul gates where Vasa Carapic died, between today's National Theatre and The National Museum. During the battles for liberation of Belgrade, about 50 rebels and 300 Turks died.Leader of one of the Turk troops Alija Glusanac tried to maintain in the upper town, but when he saw that all was lost he took the boat and escape to Vidin. On 8th of January, at St. Stephen Protomartyr Belgrade was finally in Serbian hands.
took place in early June 1809. Karađorđe rejected a series of concessions that he had proposed by Porta (Turkish Sultanate. He wanted to extend the uprising in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandzak region, in order to eventually merged with Montenegro. In 5th of May 1809. Karađorđe occupies Sjenica, and after the Battle of Suvodol occupies Novi Pazar in 16th June, so that some units encountered some Montenegrin squads. Turks used Karađorđe's absence and from Nis and Vidin direction they attacked the Serbian army, which was in the near Nis, in Kamenica. The commander of Serbian army was Miloje Petrovic Trnavac who was previously abandoned by Peter Dobrnjac Hajduk Veljko Petrovic and with their units went to Deligrad and Krajina. This is an introduction to the Battle of Čegar. As Stevan Siđelić was in the nearest ditch close to Nis, because he wanted to be the first to enter the Niš, all Turkish military forces were attacking its Resava soldiers. Trnavac was located about 3km away from Sinđelic. When he saw there is no help for him Sinđelić had burnt all of ammunition that they had and all the Serbs and Turks who were there at the time, flew into the air. Turks made Skull Tower on Cegar from the heads of the dead, the most terrible monument of Serbian suffering.
Military breakdown of the Uprising in 1813
Because Napoleon's Russian campaign
campaign in 1812. Russian troops were withdrawn from Serbia. Russia made peace with the Turkey in Bucharest which rebels didn't accept because of the unfavorable decisions for Serbia.
At the end of the summer of 1813.
the superior Turkish army attacked Serbia from several directions. After a lengthy battles of Deligrad, Negotin and Zasavica (Ravanje), the Turks re-conquered Serbia. A large part of the population, with Karadjordje and other insurgents, went to Austria and Wallachia.
Turks in Serbia made harsh reprisals, restored their power and established the Belgrade pasha jurisdiction at the old borders. The resistance of the Serbian people was not completely broken. On the tradition and achievements of The First Serbian Uprising free Serbia was later restored.